Briesen, Jochen: Ästhetische Urteile und ästhetische Eigenschaften
Sprachphilosophische und metaphysische Überlegungen
What do we mean by uttering aesthetic judgements, such as "This is beautiful"? Are we merely expressing our enthusiasm, or do we rather describe objects as having properties that are mind-independent and objective? Can aesthetic judgments be true or false, and if so, does their respective truth value apply universally and absolutely, or must it be relativized in some way? This book is dedicated to the task of answering these kinds of questions. Answering such questions with respect to the meaning of aesthetic judgements also requires providing a metaphysical analysis of aesthetic properties. The book thus sets out a detailed account of both aesthetic judgements and aesthetic properties and defends this "combined approach" against various objections. The theory combines elements of a double-speech-act-theory, according to which voicing aesthetic statements involves performing two speech-acts simultaneously – an assertive act and an expressive act – with a response-dispositional characterization of aesthetic properties.
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