Philipp Ammon: Georgien zwischen Eigenstaatlichkeit und russischer Okkupation
Die Wurzeln des Konflikts vom 18. Jh. bis 1924
Where lie the roots for the alienation between Russia and Georgia, two countries of the same Chalcedonian Creed, whose links go back to the early Middle Ages? Georgian influences can already be seen in the Glagolitic alphabet (9th century) and the Nestor Chronicle (12th century). The Russian longing for the Georgian paradise garden, the Vyrïj-sad, where birds migrate every year to spend the winter, is just as old. "Indeed, we began to believe that most Russians hope that if they live good and virtuos lives, they will not go to heaven, but to Georgia, when they die," writes John Steinbeck in the Russian Journal in 1948. After the fall of Constantinople, for the Georgians "the sun began to rise in the north", as the poet Mamuk´a Barat´ašvili puts it, but the Georgians missed the secularization of the "holy Rus´", which is no longer guided by the belief in an eschatalogical mission but by the reason of state. This misunderstanding causes an alienation and a tragedy that lasts until today.
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